- The official language of the state of Israel, Hebrew, is a Semitic language in which most of the Bible, the Mishna, parts of the Talmud, and much of rabbinic and secular Jewish literature are written. It is written from right to left. Until the Babylonian exile (in 586 BC), Hebrew was the sole language of the Jews. After the exile, Aramaic came into widespread use, although some Hebrew was still utilized. Both the Babylonian and Jerusalem Talmuds are written in Aramaic rather than Hebrew. In countries of the Diaspora, the Jewish communities adopted local languages and substantially limited their use of Hebrew as a language of communication, although it remained a language of Jewish literature and prayer. As the language of the Bible and prayer, it was considered the sacred tongue. When the first pioneers came to Palestine in the 1880s, it seemed natural to use Hebrew as the vernacular language.The revival of the Hebrew language was closely associated with Eliezer Ben Yehuda, who arrived in Palestine in 1881 and sought to promote the use of Hebrew as a spoken language. There was opposition from skeptics, who felt that the language was not rich enough to deal with contemporary matters and from the ultrareligious who objected to the use of the sacred tongue for practical, everyday concerns. There was a vocabulary gap as a consequence of centuries of limited use. Ben Yehuda founded the Vaad Halashon Haivrit (Hebrew Language Council) in 1890 for the purpose of coining and creating new Hebrew words for modern usage. After the independence of Israel, this body became the Akademiya Lalashon Haivrit (the Hebrew Language Academy). Hebrew made great strides among the pioneers who arrived in Palestine prior to 1948 and was well entrenched by the time of Israel's independence and the influx in Israel of hundreds of thousands of new immigrants (see ALIYA) in the late 1940s and early 1950s, who would have to learn Hebrew to become integrated with the society of the new state.
Historical Dictionary of Israel. Bernard Reich David H. Goldberg. Edited by Jon Woronoff..
Look at other dictionaries:
Hebrew language — Hebrew redirects here. For other uses, see Hebrew (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Yiddish language. Hebrew עִבְרִית … Wikipedia
HEBREW LANGUAGE — This entry is arranged according to the following scheme: pre biblical biblical the dead sea scrolls mishnaic medieval modern period A detailed table of contents precedes each section. PRE BIBLICAL nature of the evidence the sources phonology… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Hebrew language — Semitic language that is both a sacred language of Judaism and a modern vernacular in Israel. Like Aramaic, to which it is closely related, Hebrew has a documented history of nearly 3,000 years. The earliest fully attested stage of the language… … Universalium
Hebrew Language — Although the early Christian church accepted the Hebrew scriptures (known to Christians as the Old Testament) as part of its own divine revelation, relatively few early Christian biblical scholars learned Hebrew, and most Christians relied on… … Historical Dictionary of Renaissance
Hebrew language — The language of the Hebrew nation, and that in which the Old Testament is written, with the exception of a few portions in Chaldee. In the Old Testament it is only spoken of as Jewish (2 Kings 18:26, 28; Isa. 36:11, 13; 2 Chr 32:18). This name … Easton's Bible Dictionary
Hebrew language — … Википедия
Hebrew Language and Literature — • Hebrew was the language spoken by the ancient Israelites, and in which were composed nearly all of the books of the Old Testament Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Hebrew Language and Literature Hebrew … Catholic encyclopedia
Hebrew Language Committee — (formerly the Academy for the Hebrew Language) institution that works to develop proper Hebrew language … English contemporary dictionary
Hebrew Language Academy — institution in Jerusalem considered to be the authority on the Hebrew language … English contemporary dictionary
Revival of the Hebrew language — The revival of the Hebrew language was a process that took place in Europe and Israel at the end of the 19th century and in the 20th century, through which the Hebrew language changed from an exclusively liturgical, written language to a spoken… … Wikipedia